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Diamond and CBN
grinding wheels
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tools
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dressers
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and CBN tools
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Anti-abrasion layers


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BONDS
 
     
 

Four types of bonds are generally used for diamond and CBN grinding tools:

Resin bonds

Sintered metal bonds

Electroplated bonds

Ceramic bonds

The different types of bonds are classified in bond groups which are in turn allocated to certain bonding tasks. Resin bonds are subclassified according to their bond hardness. In contrast to the hardness of a ceramic bond grinding tool, which is a measure of resistance to penetration, the hardness of a resin bond for diamond or CBN grinding tools describes the effective hardness and grinding behavior of these tools. However, in the case of sintered metal bonds, resistance to wear is generally referred to in a somewhat modified form.

The bond decisively influences both the grinding behavior and the service life of the grinding tool.

The bond must adhere to the grains as long as possible while simultaneously wearing in such a way that the tips of the abrasive grains can cut freely in the course of the metal cutting process. This process is called the "self-sharpening effect". It results from the combined effect of the bond, the grain size and the concentration on the one hand, and from the bond wear caused by chip formation on the other hand.

The optimal bond is the one that offers the most cost-effective balance between the stock removal rate on the workpiece and the wear of the abrasive layer.

In order to accomplish a wider variety of grinding tasks, a wide variety of bonds must be made available.


Resin bonds

The resin bond is a very versatile type of bond. Its range of application covers far more than half of all the machining tasks for which diamond and CBN grinding tools can be used.

The outstanding features of a resin bond are that it enables large cutting volumes as well as soft and cool grinding.

However, its rate of wear is higher than that of sintered metal bonds.


Sintered metal bonds

Sintered metal bonds can be divided into two main groups:
bronze bonds and steel bonds.
In special cases, bonds made of hard materials are also used.

The higher mechanical stability and thermal load capacity of sintered metal bonds gives them a greater resistance to wear than offered by resin bonds. This is utilized especially in connection with grinding tools for profile grinding jobs and in the machining of materials which exhibit a strong abrading effect, such as glass, ceramics, etc.

With the exception of brittle bronze bonds, sintered metal bonds yield lower material removal rates than resin bonds do.


Electroplated bonds

In the electroplated bond, the grain-on-grain abrading medium is embedded on a substrate by a metallic deposit in a galvanic bath.

As a rule a single-layer coating is used, however, a multilayer coating is also possible where feasible.

In the case of the single-layer coating, the abrasive grains protrude out of the bond by
approx. 1/3 of their size. (Illustration)

The main characteristic features of diamond and CBN grinding tools with electroplated
bonding are:

- Exceptional gripping capacity,
- High cutting capacity,
- Manufacture of complex profiles,
- Manufacture of tools with micro dimensions,
- Repeated use of substrates.


Ceramic bonds

Ceramic bonds are used for diamond and grinding tools only in isolated cases.

CBN grinding tools usually attain good results with ceramic bonds when used to machine long-chipping materials such as ball bearing steels.

 
     


Diamond and CBN
grinding wheels


Riegger Bonds
  - Resin Bonds
  - Metal Bonds
  - Ceramic Bonds
Overview of shapes
Example of ordering data
Applications parameters
rpm table
Formula generator


Fundamentals


Design of grinding wheel
Dimensions of grinding wheel
Shape of grinding wheel
Abrasive layer
Abrasive grains
concentration
Bonds

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